In this section we have picked up the French Renaissance, Neo-Gothic and Romanticism styles fireplaces, as well as interior fireplaces in the Provence style.
(Provence, from the Latin provincia – territory subordinate to Rome)
Today, saying the word “Provence”, we imagine simple charming interiors decorated in pure colors and furnished with rustic classics, with the use of natural materials and natural colors, namely, blue, turquoise, lavender, ocher and olive. That is true. But there is much more. Let us recall the history. A clue:
Provence is the ancient Roman province: Southeastern Gaul, modern southern France, with the main city of Aix. Back in the XIV century the South of France began to play an important role in the cultural life of Europe. During the so-called “Avignon Papacy” period (1308-1378) Provence became the second largest center of the Catholic world after Rome. The Papal Palace was built by Italian architects. Painting was rapidly developing under the influence of Dutch masters. King Rene I of Anjou, Count of Provence (1409-1480), was a passionate patron of the arts, and did painting. Rene had a very high opinion of the Dutch masters and invited them to his court at Aix. The aforementioned has greatly contributed to the development of the most advanced painting school of that time in Provence of the XIV-XV centuries.
Now the love for “Provencal style” is borne in.
It is a refined style of the French countryside. Let’s not forget that the decorative heritage of France lies in the history of styles.
This section of fireplaces, designed for country houses, was called the “Provence”. All of them are large in size. Materials, as a rule, are natural color marble, travertine, and limestone. Texture: antique, glazed, sometimes polished; with regard to the styles: Medieval fireplaces, once performing a utilitarian function and being not only a decoration in the kitchen. Renaissance style fireplaces with amazing proportions and ornaments. Gothic style fireplaces with thier geometric ornaments. Romantic mood. Classicism style fireplaces.
French romantisme, from the Latin romanym (Roman) from Roma (Rome), is one of the two, along with Classicism, underlying movements of the artistic thought.
Romanticism is the highest manifestation of spirituality, involving highly intricate, multi-faceted and dynamic picture of the world that cannot be expressed in one form or one style. That is why Romanticism, as an artistic movement, is linked to many trends and styles.
In architecture the Romanticism aesthetics has manifested itself in the right to freely use the heritage not only of the ancient culture, but rather of all previous epochs. At the beginning of 1830s in Russia N. Gogol presented an article “On the Architecture of Our Time” in which he has equally praised the “Egyptian smooth and massive, Indian huge and motley, Mauritian luxurious, Gothic inspirational and gloomy, and Greek graceful” architecture. In the Russian and English romantic parks the strict classical style palace or manor was surrounded by a romantic landscaped garden with Gothic or Turkish style pavilions.
In Russia, just as in Italy, Classicism and Romanticism have successfully complemented each other. The most prominent examples of Classicism and Romanticism are many paintings of K. Bryullov and A. Venetsianov.
Romanticism is a national phenomenon. It appeared in the middle of the XVIII century in England in the forms of Neo-Gothic style, and then in the XIX century, after the Napoleonic wars, engulfed many European countries. This movement was aimed at the revival of national traditions in art.
In Western Europe the national romanticism movement resulted in the Neo-Gothic, Biedermeier, Neo-Renaissance and Neo-Rococo styles, as well as Russian styles of V. Bazhenov, M. Kazakov, K. Rossi, V. Stasov, O. Montferrand, and A. Stackenschneider.