ART DECO STYLE
(French Art Deco named after the Art Decoration exhibition in Paris in 1925).
Art Deco is an art style, widely spread (mainly in the interior) in most European countries and the US in 1920-1930-ies.
It was intended to create an illusion of well-being and “the former luxury” during the period of “lost generation” between the two world wars. It was the last “new” style consciously past-oriented. It combines diverse elements of Neo-classicism and Modern styles, influence of Russian ballet season in Paris, and exotic oriental and primitive art.
As a result, the interiors decorated in Art Deco style make an impression not of the composition, but the number of individual components, group of stylish items of furniture, fabrics, glass, bronze and ceramics. Not by coincidence that the most famous works in this style were called “collector’s pavilions” These interiors were designed with chic of 1920s, expensive restaurants and hotels, thus, it was sometimes called “Ritz style”. To a large extent Art Deco was the revival of Modern culture, however, often at its most insipid and perverted forms. For example, the Art Deco paintings often depicted nude female figures in the expressionistic fractured poses with fantastically developed “male” muscles. The expensive exotic materials were especially prized: ivory, ebony, mother-of-pearl, precious stones, shagreen leather, and lizard leather. In the most advanced forms the Art Deco style came very close to geometric constructivism.
Artists of the famous Parisian “Cartier” jewelry firm worked in the Art Deco style. In Italy and Germany the Art Deco style, combined with the Neo-classicism forms, has developed into a “New Empire”, the fascist style of the “Third Reich”.
The most famous masters of French Art Deco style were: G. Delamare, M. Diuffen, R. Lalique, P. Legrand, R. Mallet-Stevens, A. Martin, A. Matsukotelli, P. Poiret, J.-E. Ruhlmann, L. Sue.
Contemporary art is consonant and associated with its time. In this sense, any true art is always contemporary, because one way or another it artistically reflects the content of its era. The particular features of this era become noticeable in time only. Style is a series of symbols comprehensively demonstrating the content of the epoch...
True art forms are always new and always traditional, as they express and figuratively rethink the artistic experience of previous generations. Therefore, they are “modernly” perceived, i.e. in tune with their time.
Simple geometric form of the fireplace, together with such material as marble, carrying the cultural and historical memory of generations, can perfectly express modern ideas.